By Mel Thompson
The 3rd version of moral thought has been up-to-date in response to the revised a degree specification standards. It offers a necessary history to moral concerns via giving an summary of significant moral theories and the way those can be utilized to a number of modern ethical matters. the hot variation combines all of the strengths of the second one version with a brand new layout and lines to make the content material extra available to all scholars on the way to increase their realizing of the subject. New good points comprise: - Key questions through the chapters to assist scholars specialise in the most important matters - keyword phrases outlined and defined during the chapters - Profiles of key participants - their contribution and value - extra precis diagrams all through to help revision - photographs and illustrations - Revision checklists on the finish of chapters - New exam-style questions and information on the finish of every bankruptcy.
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Extra resources for Access to Religion and Philosophy. Ethical Theory
Moore in Principia Ethica, 1903, one of the most influential books on ethics in modern times. He called the attempt to derive an ‘ought’ from an ‘is’ the naturalistic fallacy. WHAT MAKES MORALITY POSSIBLE? Key word Maxim: the moral principle governing an action. They only become part of moral debate when, in response to them, someone says what ‘ought’ to be done. Thus, for example, that children are starving as a result of famine is in itself morally neutral. It simply describes the condition of those who die for lack of food.
In terms of presenting an ethical argument, one must therefore be on guard against presenting it simply in terms of what ‘is’ the case. Descriptions of situations, however horrific, do not in themselves count as an argument for a moral point of view. Without such principles, there is no justification of subsequent ‘ought’ statements, and where conclusions differ, it is important to go back and check the principles upon which they are based, as well as the facts they address. Key thought In examining any moral argument, check: ● ● ● 31 the facts that are to be considered the principles upon which the moral argument is to be based the application of those principles to this particular situation.
This challenge dominated ethics from the 1930s until the 1960s, and we shall examine a number of attempts that were made to find a meaning for ethical statements that would not be dismissed by Ayer’s argument. But in order to appreciate the impact of positivism, it is useful to look at two approaches to ethics that preceded it: metaphysical ethics and intuitionism. b) Metaphysical ethics ‘Metaphysical ethics’ wanted to show that morality could be related to an overall view of the world and the place of humankind within it.