Action Philosophers! 08 - Senseless Violence Spectacular - by Evil Twin Comics

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A Progress of Sentiments: Reflections on Hume's Treatise

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The democratic-liberal mode of bourgeois thought “does experience movement,” but “it is only able to master this dynamicism by segmenting the movements into discrete instants,” just as it understands society only as an assemblage of atomized individuals. Mannheim concludes: In short, while conservative thought is oriented towards the past surviving in the present, and bourgeois thought, because it the carrier of the present, nourishes itself on new developments, as they transpire from moment to moment, proletarian thought attempts to consider and to further the future within the present, by putting into the foreground those present factors which herald the future structural forms of life.

All understanding is to some degree rational. If social action is individual, how do we arrive at generalizations about it? Weber proposes the “ideal type,” described as a “one-sided accentuation of one or more points of view,” a “unified analytical construct,” that “in its conceptual purity” cannot be found empirically anywhere in reality. ” As such, it is not a hypothesis but a heuristic instrument to aid in the construction of specific hypotheses (90, original emphases). In Economy and Society, Weber lists four ideal types orientation for social action: instrumentally rational (zweckrational), valuerational (wertrational), affectual and traditional (M.

When Mannheim returns to the comparison three years later (Mannheim [1929] 1969 [1968]), he nevertheless finds promise in the interrelations among these mutually incompatible views, because he is contrasting them with fascism, which he takes to be indifferent to history, except as an arbitrary construction used to manipulate passive masses. After a summary statement of the fascist dismissal of situational orientation or constraints, Mannheim writes: The [fascist] conception of history ... is not comparable either to the conservative, the liberal-democratic, or the socialistic conceptions.

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