By Saint Basil of Caesarea
Basil of Caesarea is taken into account one of many architects of the Pro-Nicene Trinitarian doctrine followed on the Council of Constantinople in 381, which jap and western Christians to at the present time profess as "orthodox." Nowhere is his Trinitarian theology extra basically expressed than in his first significant doctrinal paintings, opposed to Eunomius, comprehensive in 364 or 365 CE. Responding to Eunomius, whose Apology gave renewed impetus to a convention of starkly subordinationist Trinitarian theology that may continue to exist for many years, Basil's opposed to Eunomius displays the serious controversy raging at the moment between Christians around the Mediterranean international over who God is. during this treatise, Basil makes an attempt to articulate a theology either one of God's unitary essence and of the designated gains that signify the daddy, Son, and Holy Spirit--a contrast that a few hail because the cornerstone of "Cappadocian" theology. In opposed to Eunomius, we see the conflict now not easily of 2 dogmatic positions at the doctrine of the Trinity, yet of 2 essentially adversarial theological tools. Basil's treatise is as a lot approximately how theology needs to be performed and what humans can and can't learn about God because it is ready the exposition of Trinitarian doctrine. hence opposed to Eunomius marks a turning element within the Trinitarian debates of the fourth century, for the 1st time addressing the methodological and epistemological variations that gave upward thrust to theological modifications. Amidst the polemical vitriol of opposed to Eunomius is a decision to epistemological humility at the a part of the theologian, a choice to acknowledge the restrictions of even the easiest theology. whereas Basil sophisticated his theology in the course of the process his profession, opposed to Eunomius continues to be a testomony to his early theological improvement and a privileged window into the Trinitarian controversies of the mid-fourth century.
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Extra info for Against Eunomius (Fathers of the Church)
Marina Silvia Troiano, "II Contra Eunomium III di Basilio di Cesarea e Ie Epistolae ad Serapionem I-IV di Atanasio di Alessandria: nota comparativa," Au- jection of the "old-Nicene" position of Athanasius in favor of Homoiousianism, which in its turn was a modified form of Arianism. "i3 The Harnack thesis has continued to be debated in scholarship to the present day, and scholarship shaped by Harnack's categories has portrayed Basil as more or less making a choice between Athanasian and Homoiousian positions.
Such a use of scripture is polemically and rhetorically effective because it situates the controversy between Basil and Eunomius within the biblical world, within the cosmic conflict between God and the powers of evil that culminates in the passion, death, and resurrection of Christ. Basil paints his dispute with Eunomius as but another instance of the oppression of the holy by ungodly men, so often lamented in scripture. The scriptures are actualized and realized before Basil's eyes in the person, activities, and opinions of Eunomius and the Heteroousians.
IS' These terms name what Basil calls "the commonality of the substance," and they are the same set of terms that, as mentioned above, name the "distinguishingfeature" of God's substance. 9), the term 'light' means the same thing in both instances. But Basil also holds that some terms refer just to the Son and others just to the Father. ' These terms name the "distinguishing marks" of the two. ISS The language here can be confusing: Basil uses the same family of terms, all based on the adjective '(OlO<;, for both what is unique to a cornman nature or substance and what is un\que to each individual that shares that cornman nature.