Air Bubble Entrainment in Free-Surface Turbulent Shear Flows by Hubert Chanson

By Hubert Chanson

Content material:
Abstract

, Pages xiii-xvi,I-IV
Acknowledgements

, Page xvii
About the author

, Page xviii
List of symbols

, Pages xix-xxix
Glossary

, Pages xxxi-xlix
Chapter 1 - Introduction

, Pages 2-16
Chapter 2 - Mechanisms of air bubble entrainment

, Pages 17-26
Chapter three - Similitude and experimental studies

, Pages 27-35
Chapter four - Air-water gasoline transfer

, Pages 36-41
Chapter five - Plunging jet flows: Presentation

, Pages 44-52
Chapter 6 - Air entrainment by means of plunging jets

, Pages 53-72
Chapter 7 - Air entrainment in hydraulic jumps

, Pages 73-92
Chapter eight - Air entrainment in plunging jet flows: comparable circumstances and fuel transfer

, Pages 93-101
Chapter nine - Self-aerated flows-presentation

, Pages 104-109
Chapter 10 - Air entrainment in steep chute flows

, Pages 110-132
Chapter eleven - Air entrainment in small-slope waterways

, Pages 133-143
Chapter 12 - Air entrainment in partially-filled conduits

, Pages 144-152
Chapter thirteen - Air entrainment in open channels: Discussion

, Pages 153-164
Chapter 14 - creation to high-velocity water jets discharging into the ambience and ventilated hollow space flows

, Pages 166-173
Chapter 15 - Air entrainment in high-velocity water jets

, Pages 174-188
Chapter sixteen - Ventilated hollow space flows

, Pages 189-199
Chapter 17 - Spillway program: Aeration devices

, Pages 200-214
Chapter 18 - precis: Air bubble diffusion in shear flows

, Pages 216-234
Chapter 19 - Conclusion

, Pages 235-238
References

, Pages 239-261
Appendix A - Constants and fluid properties

, Pages 263-270
Appendix B - Unit conversions

, Pages 271-273
Appendix C - Bubble upward push velocity

, Pages 274-277
Appendix D - Sound celerity in two-phase (gas-liquid) flow

, Pages 278-280
Appendix E - Air bubble diffusion at plunging water jets

, Pages 281-288
Appendix F - attribute parameters of boundary layer

, Pages 289-292
Appendix G - Air focus distributions in self-aerated flows

, Pages 293-303
Appendix H - Air-water movement in partially-filled pipes

, Pages 304-306
Appendix I - Air focus distributions in water jets discharging into the atmosphere

, Pages 307-315
Appendix J - Jet trajectory calculations

, Pages 316-322
Appendix okay - Air bubble measurement distribution characteristics

, Pages 323-326
Appendix L - Air-water stream as mentioned via Leonardo da Vinci

, Pages 327-329
Appendix M - Corrections

, Pages 330-331
Index of authors

, Pages 333-337
Subject index

, Pages 339-348

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1-13(C)). In the ocean, breaking waves provide a variety of white patterns as illustrated on figure 1-4. Many artists were fascinated by the beauty of 'white waters' found in Nature. And they featured many examples in their artworks. P. , and the plunging breakers by K. HOKUSAI (fig. 1-6) are famous masterpieces. White waters in Nature can be enjoyed also as recreational or sport activities. White-water sports include canoe, kayak and rafting. Wild-water racing (or white-water racing) is becoming increasingly popular in Europe and Northern America with major international competitions taking place each year.

A 'staircase' wasteweir is a stepped spillway. Water: common name applied to the liquid state of the hydrogen-oxygen combination H2O. Although the molecular structure of water is simple, the physical and chemical properties of H2O are unusually complicated. Water is a colourless, tasteless, and odourless liquid at room temperature. One most important property of water is its ability to dissolve many other substances : H2O is frequently called the universal solvent. 16 K). Water clock: ancient device for measuring time by the gradual flow of water (through a small orifice, into a floating vessel).

Crowded cities like Hong Kong, Taipei, Tokyo), running waters can mask aggressive noise and help to provide an atmosphere of quietness, calm and purity. One of the great qualities which water brings to gardens and parks is reflection, expanding both architectural and natural features. Free-surface aeration emphasises particularly water reflection as the multitude of entrained air bubbles reflect natural light. In water gardens, self-aeration is observed in cascades, 'catena d'acqua', fountains, 'grille d'eau', 'jet d'eau*.

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