By Richard Muir (auth.)
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Taylor. Of Hoskins' most acclaimed work Taylor wrote: It is great because it established landscape history as a new and proper branch of historical study. It is great because it is written in a language which is easy to understand and a pleasure to read. It is great because it has inspired two, and perhaps now more, generations of historians, archaeologists, geographers and botanists to follow the master's footsteps and to explore the mysteries of our country's landscape. But its greatest achievement, only matched perhaps by the works of Macaulay and Trevelyan, is that it reached out to, and profoundly affected, hundreds of thousands of ordinary people who would otherwise never have thought about the past.
249) A tradition of Landschaftgeographie had emerged in Germany towards the end of the nineteenth century, with geography being developed as a vehicle for the scientific investigation of regional landscape forms. The appreciation that the shaping of the land had involved human as well as physical agencies paved the way for the development of a cultural geography, which would (at least until recently) enjoy far more popularity in North America than in Europe. Carl 0. Sauer (1889-1975), its founder: contributed more to our interest in landscape than perhaps any other American geographer.
258) and saw landscapes as areas made up of a distinct association of forms (or component elements) which were variously physical and cultural. Landscapes resembled Penck's chores; they had their origins in the natural landscape and could be modified and transformed through human occupation to form cultural landscapes. These landscapes therefore existed in both space and time: We cannot form an idea of landscape except in terms of its time relations as well as of its space relations. It is in a continuous process of development or of dissolution and replacement ...