By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Naval Studies Board, Committee on Autonomous Vehicles in Support of Naval Operations
Autonomous cars (AVs) were utilized in army operations for greater than 60 years, with torpedoes, cruise missiles, satellites, and aim drones being early examples.1 they've got additionally been known within the civilian sector--for instance, within the disposal of explosives, for paintings and dimension in radioactive environments, via a variety of offshore industries for either growing and preserving undersea amenities, for atmospheric and undersea study, and by way of in automatic and robot manufacturing.
Recent army reviews with AVs have regularly validated their price in quite a lot of missions, and expected advancements of AVs carry promise for more and more major roles in destiny naval operations. Advances in AV functions are enabled (and constrained) by way of development within the applied sciences of computing and robotics, navigation, communications and networking, strength assets and propulsion, and materials.
Autonomous cars in help of Naval Operations is a forward-looking dialogue of the naval operational surroundings and imaginative and prescient for the army and Marine Corps and of naval venture wishes and power purposes and barriers of AVs. This record considers the opportunity of AVs for naval operations, operational wishes and know-how matters, and possibilities for more suitable operations.
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Additional resources for Autonomous Vehicles in Support of Naval Operations
A recent Defense Science Board study13 13Task Force on Options for Acquisition of the Advanced Targeting Pod and Advanced Targeting FLIR Pod. 2001. , February. NAVAL VISION 27 examined various trade-offs in allocating the burden of performance between the targeting system and the weapon to achieve a precision kill. This trade-off will not be considered further here, but it is an area that could benefit from further investigation, especially for UAVs. The following subsections describe the naval forces’ specific Sea Strike surveillance and targeting needs in executing the tasks of naval fire support and deep strike.
Expeditionary Maneuver Warfare depends significantly on enhanced joint ISR capability, improved command and control (C2), and new platforms that will enable assault forces to maneuver rapidly to strike an enemy at its weakest points in the battlespace. The concept is likely to require moving a combat-credible ground force several hundred miles inland with great speed and sustaining it there for considerable periods of time. On the ground and in urban terrain, distributed Marine forces will maneuver in a coordinated advance to exploit enemy weaknesses.
However, the Pioneer is limited by its short range and endurance and has substantial logistics requirements, and although it can be launched via catapult from a ship, it can be recovered by the ship only with the use of a net in a practice now discontinued. S. ground forces vis-à-vis enemy ground forces until the appearance of JSTARS with its GMTI radar system in the 1991 Gulf War. Then, for the first time, commanders were able to see the makeup and movement of enemy ground forces at distances of nearly 200 miles.