Basic Patterns of Chinese Grammar: A Student's Guide to by Qin Xue Herzberg

By Qin Xue Herzberg

Here is a concise consultant to complement any process research and aid with homework, shuttle, and try instruction. issues comprise observe order, time, nouns, verbs, adjectives, be aware offerings with verbs and adverbs, and letter writing. the straightforward layout has one aim: fast mastery and growing to be confidence.

Qin Xue Herzberg, a graduate of Beijing general collage, has taught chinese language for many years and has been an upper-level chinese language professor at Calvin collage for ten years.

Larry Herzberg did his PhD paintings in chinese language and based the chinese courses at Albion university and Calvin College.

Qin and Larry reside in Grand Rapids, Michigan, and are co-authors of the preferred China Survival Guide in addition to the lately published Chinese Proverbs and well known Sayings.

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Extra resources for Basic Patterns of Chinese Grammar: A Student's Guide to Correct Structures and Common Errors

Sample text

Chinese: Studying Chinese students are the smartest students. Xué Zhōngwén de xuésheng shì zuì cōngmíngde xuésheng. 学中文的学生是最聪明的学生。 (2) In Chinese, “if . . then . ” is expressed in three levels of formality Most formal: rúguǒ . . jiù . . 如果 . . 就 . . Less formal: yàoshi . . jiù . . 要是 . . 就 . . Least formal: . . de huà, jiù . . . 的话,就 . . The IF clause ALWAYS comes first, and the second clause needs a jiù 就. Moreover, the subject in the second clause must come BEFORE jiù 就: English: If you go, then I’ll go.

Please open the door. Qǐng bǎ mén dǎkāi. 请把门打开。 HOWEVER, the bǎ 把 pattern is also used with a verb that is a single syllable IF the direct object is some specific thing and not some general item: He ate THE food. Tā bǎ fàn chī le. 他把饭吃了。 BUT: He ate (some) food. Tā chīfàn le. 他吃饭了。 I gave those children THE candy. Wǒ bǎ táng gěile nèixie háizi. 我把糖给了那些孩子。 I gave the children (some) candy. Wǒ gěile nèixie háizi táng. 我给了那些孩子糖。 (8) The shì . . de 是 . . 的 pattern for past tense actions Use the shì .

CC: Wǒ dào yínháng qù qǔ qián. 我到银行去取钱。 ✖ BC: Wǒ dào yínháng qù náqǐ qián lái. 我到银行去拿起钱来。 I’m going to the bank to grab some money and raise it up off the counter! We trust that you will learn a lot more from our little book than simply to not translate literally. We have done our best to provide a handy reference tool for you to use when translating from English into Chinese. This is intended to supplement your Chinese language textbooks, not to replace them. We have addressed most of the major stumbling blocks faced by students at the beginning and intermediate levels of Mandarin Chinese language study, the ones that trouble our students through all four levels of college.

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