By Bernard Phillips
The Babel tower of the identify is the author's photograph for the present fragmentation of sociology into 40 sections that hardly ever stick to the medical perfect of trying to converse with each other. Refusing to simply accept that state of affairs as given, Dr. Phillips follows the Millsian precedent, supplying right here a imaginative and prescient of the way sociologists could stream towards "the sociological mind's eye" by way of construction bridges connecting these sections. the sort of imaginative and prescient attracts seriously at the paintings of classical and con- transitority theorists, on quantitative and qualitative methodologists, on philosophers and historians of technological know-how, on postmodernist evaluations and responses to postmodernism, and on significant learn in assorted components. clash theorists, functionalists, symbolic interactionists, ethnomethodologists, alternate or rational selection theorists, and important theorists may still believe both at domestic within the author's procedure. but this is often no eclectic number of rules. it truly is, quite, a hugely systematic strategy geared toward techniques that the total self-discipline can hire to satisfy its beliefs for the clinical strategy. Going some distance past a programmatic attempt to cartoon what prevents sociologists from dismantling their tower of Babel and what could be performed sooner or later, Phillips units forth a moment, heuristic picture, that of a "web." He provides one representation after one other to rfile each one element of an internet method of the clinical procedure, an procedure that opens as much as the theories and strategies which were built inside each substantial region of the self-discipline. His procedure is the same to different advancements of a man-made orientation that may hyperlink "micro" with "macro" phenomena. To the level that the software of the net method holds as much as empirical trying out and is derived to be demonstrated, it holds out to sociologists the promise of accomplishing the cumulative improvement and credibility which are hallmarks of any technology. The publication might be important for classes in procedure, within the classical culture of sociology, and in undergraduate seminars the place the theoretical underpinnings of the self-discipline are taken up. CONTENTS Preface. advent. half I. The medical strategy: Bureaucratic and Interactive Paradigms. 1. Sociology and the clinical strategy. issues of Bureaucratic technology. a systematic approach for Sociology. 2. Cultural and Sociological Paradigms. Cultural Paradigms and Worldviews . Sociology's Paradigm. half II. Illustrating the net method of the medical process. three. The Invisible problem of contemporary Society. four. Addressing The Invisible problem. interplay and the situation: common. interplay and the challenge: particular. half III. a few Implications for Sociology. five. Reflexivity. towards a Reflexive Sociology. simple examine . utilized study. educating. towards Reflexive instructing . 6. Social expertise: Language. Strengthening Linguistic instruments . again to the long run. a few Concluding comments. Bibliography. Index
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Extra resources for Beyond Sociology's Tower of Babel: Reconstructing the Scientific Method (Sociological Imagination and Structural Change,)
S. Armed Forces wanted to plan bombing runs during World War II (Schutte 1977:Appendix I). None of this speaks to our own problem of attempting to understand cultural change. Integrating Knowledge We turn now from sociology’s movement down language’s ladder of abstraction to its movenient across the discipline’s tower of Babel. Overall, what becomes obvious as we proceed with this analysis is the way in which all aspects of the sociologist’s usage of the scientific method are intimately tied together within the same scientific paradigm.
If this approach works well within our own discipline, there is reason to believe it would also work elsewhere. As a result, we might expect greater fulfillment of expectations, less anomie, less alienation, less addiction, and further support for and development of an interactive worldview.
If our worldview is, then, structured by a bureaucratic ethos encouraging a growing gap between aspirations and fulfillment-as illustrated by the growing gap worldwide between the rich and the poor-we can also apply the concepts of anomie and alienation to our situation. Beyond Durkheim’s dated view of anomie as normlessness-given our present understanding of the pervasiveness of cultural norms-we might well invoke a revision of his concept, as suggested by Merton (1949),to point toward our failure to fulfil1 basic cultural values even when we are acting in conformity to cultural norms.