Cambridge Contributions by Sarah J. Ormrod

By Sarah J. Ormrod

Written essentially for a nonspecialist viewers, those essays describe contributions made by means of many of the college of Cambridge's such a lot colourful and capable characters in a couple of educational disciplines. The essays show rather fertile sessions of improvement and chart voyages of discovery that experience happened all over the place Cambridge, lower than staff or person management. methods differ, from the presentation of traditionally major discoveries to the reason of present research--"contributions" within the making.

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Bodies that turned on and off in a fraction of a second plainly had to be much more compact. Were they white dwarfs, or maybe neutron stars? Were they pulsing or spinning? All these options (and many others) had their advocates. The Cambridge group originally favoured pulsating white dwarfs. The case for rotating neutron stars was first clearly argued by Thomas Gold (co-inventor of the steady-state cosmology; he had by this time moved to Cornell University in the United States). Neutron stars were expected to form when the cores of heavy stars collapsed, triggering supernova explosions.

WEATHERALL INTRODUCTION If my task was to outline Cambridge's contribution to medical practice, then it would be most appropriate to concentrate on the University's role in medical education. Medical degrees have been granted at Cambridge for over 700 years, and a steady trickle of students - increasing in the last century to something approaching a flood - has come to Cambridge to be taught the rudiments of medicine, before leaving for London, Edinburgh, or one of the great continental schools where they could see more patients on the wards of their larger hospitals.

The case for rotating neutron stars was first clearly argued by Thomas Gold (co-inventor of the steady-state cosmology; he had by this time moved to Cornell University in the United States). Neutron stars were expected to form when the cores of heavy stars collapsed, triggering supernova explosions. They would be so small, and have such strong gravity, that they could spin as fast as a thousand 'revs' per second without flying apart. The spin rate would provide a natural stable clock; a 'lighthouse beam', anchored to the star, would send an intense pulse towards us once per revolution.

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