Changing Labour Markets, Welfare Policies and Citizenship by Per H. Jenson, Jorgen Goul Andersen

By Per H. Jenson, Jorgen Goul Andersen

Social marginalisation as a result of altering labour markets in an international, knowledge-intensive economic climate poses an incredible problem to overseas welfare states. Addressing the matter from a citizenship viewpoint, this ebook contributes considerably to the knowledge of coverage difficulties and the advance of acceptable recommendations. "Changing labour markets, welfare rules and citizenship" readdresses the query of ways complete citizenship can be preserved and constructed within the face of tolerating labour marketplace pressures. It: clarifies the connection among altering labour markets, welfare regulations and citizenship; discusses attainable ways that the spill-over influence from labour industry marginality to lack of citizenship could be avoided; specifies this challenge when it comes to the younger, older humans, women and men and immigrants; deals theoretical and conceptual definitions of citizenship as a brand new, substitute method of empirical analyses of labour industry marginalisation and its effects; and highlights the teachings to be realized from differing methods in eu international locations. This publication presents very important insights for lecturers and scholars in comparative social coverage, sociology and political technology. it may even be of price to coverage makers within the box of social and labour industry coverage.

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1997) Europe adrift, New York, NY: Pantheon Books. Ohmae, K. (1994) The borderless world – power and strategy in the interlinked economy, HarperCollins Trade Paperback. D. (1993) Making democracy work, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. D. (2000) Bowling alone – the collapse and revival of American community, New York, NY: Simon & Schuster. B. (1991) The work of nations, London: Simon & Schuster. Sarfati, H. (2000) The changing labour market in the OECD region – challenges to social policy and social protection reform, AAHS Labour Market Shifts, Luxembourg: ILO.

The EU average masks major regional differences, particularly in the highly performing smaller European countries and the UK. The difference in employment rates between the US and the EU is almost entirely explained by the higher numbers employed in the service sector in the US, which accounts for 90% of the net job growth (Sarfati, 2000). The EU has a high and persistent unemployment level, which for more than a decade has been more than double that of the US. Although European economies are almost all highly developed welfare states, they show a great diversity of labour market performance: job creation in the Netherlands has, relatively speaking, outstripped that in the US in the 1990s; in the 1970s, Denmark achieved an employment-population rate which was not achieved by the US until the mid-1990s; Austria’s unemployment rate was until 1998 substantially below the US rate (Schettkat, 2001).

In response, a number of feminists, sympathetic to some of the values underlying the gender-differentiated model, are arguing for a non-maternalist conceptualisation of difference around the broader notion of care and an ethic of care, which is not confined to women. Drawing on theorising around care, they are making the case for the right to time to care and to receive care, as part of a more inclusive citizenship (Knijn and Kremer, 1997). Some, though, such as Chantal Mouffe (1992), have criticised the genderdifferentiated model, not from a standpoint of gender-neutrality but from a radical pluralist position in which gender is just one element of the individual’s subject position and identity.

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