By Ben Goertzel
This publication summarizes a community of interrelated rules which i've got built, on and off, during the last 8 or ten years. The underlying subject is the mental interaction of order and chaos. Or, to place it otherwise, the interaction of deduction and induction. i'm going to try and clarify the connection among logical, orderly, wide awake, rule-following cause and fluid, self organizing, habit-governed, subconscious, chaos-infused instinct. My prior books, The constitution of Intelligence and The Evolving brain, in short touched in this dating. yet those books have been essentially serious about different concerns: SI with developing a proper language for discussing mentality and its mechanization, and EM with exploring the position of evolution in notion. They danced round the edges of the order/chaos challenge, with no ever totally stepping into it. My objective in penning this e-book used to be to move on to the middle of psychological approach, "where angels worry to tread" -- to take on all of the sticky concerns which it truly is thought of prudent to prevent: the character of attention, the relation among brain and fact, the justification of trust structures, the relationship among creativity and psychological illness,.... All of those concerns are handled the following in an easy and unified means, utilizing a mix of recommendations from my past paintings with principles from chaos idea and complicated platforms technological know-how.
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Additional info for Chaotic Logic: Language, mind and Reality from the Perspective of Complex Systems Science
The initials I are the materials at hand, and the transformations T are the tools. D(I,T) is the set of all things that can be built, using the tools, from the materials. What is lacking? First of all, blueprints. In order to apply a transformation system to real problem, one must have some idea of which transformations should be applied in which situations. But if an intelligence is going to apply a transformation system, it will need to apply it in a variety of different contexts. It will not know exactly which contexts are going to arise in future.
The Need for New Fundamental Notions The standard method for dealing with these paradoxes has to acknowledge them, then dismiss them as irrelevant. In recent years, however, this evasive tactic has grown less common. There have been several attempts to modify standard Boolean-based formal logic in such a way as to avoid these difficulties: relevant logics (Read, 1988), paraconsistent logics (daCosta, 1984), and so forth. Some of this work is of very high quality. But in a deeper conceptual sense, none of it is really satisfactory.
After all, the temperature on July 4 1999 in Las Vegas will probably be around 95-110 Fahrenheit. One can make probabilistic, approximate predictions -- one can recognize patterns in the past and hope/assume that they will continue. Our definition of intelligence conceals the presupposition that most of the prediction which the mind has to do is analogous to this trivial weather prediction example. No step-by-step simulation is required, only inductive/analogical reasoning, supported by memory search.