Christian Dualist Heresies in the Byzantine World by Janet Hamilton, Bernard Hamilton, Yuri Stoyanov

By Janet Hamilton, Bernard Hamilton, Yuri Stoyanov

Christian dualism originated within the reign of Constans II (641-68). It used to be a well-liked faith, which shared with orthodoxy an attractiveness of scriptual authority and apostolic culture and held a sacramental doctrine of salvation, yet understood a lot of these in a considerably diverse strategy to the Orthodox Church. one of many ameliorations used to be the powerful half demonology performed within the trust approach. this article strains, via unique resources, the origins of dualist Christianity during the Byzantine Empire, targeting the Paulician circulation in Armenia and Bogomilism in Bulgaria. It provides not just the theological texts, yet places the hobbies into their social and political context.

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89, n. 3, p. 95. 89 Browning, Byzantium and Bulgaria, pp. 67–9. 90 Only one other letter issued by his chancery has been preserved (RP I (II), no. 789, pp. 222–4). 91 See Appendix 2. 92 Obolensky, The Bogomils, p. 115. P 26 CDHIN 26 11/28/97, 10:38 AM HISTORICAL INTRODUCTION making of the material universe to the devil, and not absolute dualists like the Paulicians; and anathema no. 4 shows that, unlike the Paulicians, they have an ascetic lifestyle. Indeed, later in his letter the patriarch speaks of those who associated with these heretics supposing that ‘they were ascetics and good and religious men’.

Crusaders as conquerors, pp. 159–60. Cf. Constantine Porphyrogenitus, De administrando imperio, c. 50, pp. 232–5. 45 CDHIN 45 11/28/97, 10:39 AM P CHRISTIAN DUALIST HERESIES The success of the western missions and the close links which the Italian Cathars maintained with the Balkan Bogomils are sure signs of how vigorous Bogomilism was in the second half of the twelfth century. 143 Moreover, Bogomils were still to be found in the capital in the later years of Manuel’s reign. This is known from the Adversus Patherenos, a tract against the Bogomils written by Hugh Eteriano, a Pisan living in Constantinople, who was one of Manuel I’s advisers on western Church affairs [36].

4 shows that, unlike the Paulicians, they have an ascetic lifestyle. Indeed, later in his letter the patriarch speaks of those who associated with these heretics supposing that ‘they were ascetics and good and religious men’. The patriarch advised the tsar to impose the death penalty on any heretics who would not recant. The first reliable account of the rise of Bogomilism is the Sermon of Cosmas the Priest. The earliest manuscript comes from the fifteenth century, and the only indication in the text about when it was written is that Tsar Peter (d.

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