By Elazar Barkan, Ronald Bush
Those fourteen essays tackle controversies over a number of cultural houses, exploring them from views of legislations, archeology, actual anthropology, ethnobiology, ethnomusicology, historical past, and cultural and literary learn. The ebook divides cultural estate into 3 forms: Tangible, targeted estate just like the Parthenon marbles; intangible estate corresponding to folktales, song, and people treatments; and communal "representations," that have lead teams to censor either outsiders and insiders as cultural traitors.
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Additional info for Claiming the Stones, Naming the Bones: Cultural Property and the Negotiation of National and Ethnic Identity
In many cases the intention of restitution is not to deprive the current holders of all the objects in their possession. Rather, it is to return to poorer countries some portion of their own heritage. The terms of the debate seem to shift once it is explicated that the number of objects from the same culture in museum vaults is so large that only a minuscule fraction is exhibited. "35 Hard as it is to imagine, such a reasonable position is too radical for the contemporary market of cultural heritage, which is dominated by international rivalry.
28 This may be a result of the growing recognition that Third World identities are as fragmented as those in the West and that the local is frequently an imposed center on an "other" localized community. A return to globalism, if it were to take place, would therefore occur under very different political circumstances from the old-time imperialism. Unlike during the classical imperialist era, the pertinent international bodies that formulate current cultural policies are numerically dominated by Third World countries, the voice of which may carry substantial influence.
Anthropologists and environmentalists who criticize these policies are viewed as enemies and are even attacked on occasion. While the traditional ethnic and geographical divisions (as well as new colonial and postcolonial rivalries) are maintained as part of the political culture of the country, other traditions that contradict the newly validated Western norms —such as bride-price — have lost their attractiveness. Given Papua New Guinea and other instances, privileging cultural heritage 36 Amending Historical Injustices over progress and prosperity is feasible only after a minimum level of affluence has been achieved.