Clean Production: Environmental and Economic Perspectives by Krishna B. Misra (auth.), Prof. K. B. Misra (eds.)

By Krishna B. Misra (auth.), Prof. K. B. Misra (eds.)

This e-book presents a holistic view of cleanser construction comprising the techniques of environmental defense, functionality requirement and monetary ideas of producing. The 31 chapters, written through famous specialists of their fields, are geared up into 6 sections masking sustainable improvement within the twenty first century, basics of cleanser creation, functionality views, environmental views, monetary views, functionality review and destiny thoughts. chosen case experiences can help the pro to use cleanser construction applied sciences in his or her practice.

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Toxic trace pollutants also include heavy metals such as beryllium, cadmium, mercury etc; organic compounds such as benzene, polychlorinated dibenzo-dioxin and furans, formaldehyde, vinyl chloride etc; radioactive particles such as radionuclides and radon; and fibres, such as asbestos. S. alone and some 100,000 tonnes of these emissions contain cancer-causing compounds including 10,000 tonnes of benzene, which causes leukemia. Air pollutants also include volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that comprise a wide variety of hydrocarbons and other substances which are highly reactive.

Recovery of useful materials from these wastes is also expensive although efforts are being made to make use of flyash to produce construction material which may require ancillary plants to be located close to thermal plants to utilize this waste. Potential hazardous wastes produced are estimated to be around 275 million tonnes per annum in the United States alone, 24 million tonnes in OECD countries and 338 million tonnes per annum worldwide. The hazardous and special wastes include a wide variety of substances, 50 per cent of which are generally chemicals.

The presence of lead in petrol is also a matter of grave concern particularly on the health of children. Actually, Tetraethyllead is added to petrol as an anti-knock agent to increase octane ratings, and hence the efficiency. There are other slightly expensive, ways of doing this, such as refining the petrol, use of alternative anti-knock agents and engine modifications. But lead is a systemic cumulative poison that attacks brain particularly in children. High atmospheric lead levels, in some cases have caused slow learning and hyper-activity in city children.

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