Concise Dictionary of Social and Cultural Anthropology by Mike Morris

By Mike Morris

Useful and obtainable, this dictionary is designed to enlighten these newly engaged in anthropological learn or looking a brief advisor to the sector.

  • Fills a necessity for a beginner’s pocket consultant to the far-reaching and intricate box of anthropology, together with over 800 specified entries and the highbrow heritage of terms
  • Written in simple, jargon-free language, for readers with no large historical past within the field
  • Features short, conceptual definitions of phrases, bibliographical references to anthropological classics, similar works for heritage analyzing and additional research
  • The straight forward layout comprises daring phrases featured in other places within the e-book, wide cross-references, and indexes of names, peoples, areas and subjects
  • Incorporates comparable terminology from allied fields akin to sociology, economics and geography

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Cannibalism. The eating of human flesh, not only as food but for ritual or magical (see magic) ends. From the old Spanish, Cannibales (derived from carib). Heavily taboo in many societies. Arens suggests that reports of cannibalism are often based on misapprehensions and prejudice, and that its incidence has been greatly overstated. Further reading: Arens (1979); Obeyesekere (2005). cant. Of language: the jargon of a particular group, often to enforce secrecy among, for instance, beggars or thieves.

Indd 30 12/1/2011 4:18:37 PM C C or Ch. ” cadre. In military and organizational terms, the permanent staff of a regiment. In Communist systems, it is applied to cells of workers (sometimes individuals), for example office-holders in recent Chinese society. Originally derived from Latin, “quadrum” (“square”). caliph. In the Islamic (see islam) tradition, a civil and religious ruler. The title was first used by Abu Bakr, who succeeded Muhammad. ” See also sunni. Callon, Michel (1945–). See actor/network theory.

Civilization might be recognized by such features as the use of irrigation, writing, or complex structures. Peoples in different stages of this posited development might be studied for clues as to how civilizations arose. See also culture. cladistics. Cladistic taxonomy of organisms is based on the idea of clades— groups whose members share characteristics derived from a common ancestor. ” clan. A unilineal kinship group of people claiming common ancestry and heritage; similar to tribe. The assumed family connections in a clan are usually unclear or mythical; compare lineage (in which members trace themselves to a specific ancestor).

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