Concise Encyclopedia of Language and Religion by John F. A. Sawyer, J. M. Y. Simpson, R. E. Asher

By John F. A. Sawyer, J. M. Y. Simpson, R. E. Asher

The Concise Encyclopedia of Language and faith offers the expert and the overall reader with actual, updated details on each point of the the most important interface among language and faith. quick access to fabric in over 320 articles by way of students in lots of fields is supplied either in a transparent thematic association, and through a accomplished and specific basic index. dialogue of many themes together with the construction of distinct sacred scripts, non secular calligraphy, and using spiritual symbols in meditation, magic and in other places, is enriched and elucidated by means of illustrations, diagrams and tables. The Concise Encyclopedia of Language and faith brings jointly articles and bibliographic entries drawn from the award-winning Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, all of which were revised and up-to-date adequately. those articles are supplemented via a good number of thoroughly new contributions, certainly one of that is an in depth 12,500 be aware article on 'Basic ideas and phrases in Linguistics', making this quantity obtainable to a large viewers.

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The Sutra of the 42 Sections seems to have been the first major scripture to be translated, and by the year 189 over 50 works had been produced. Of this number, the Parthian, An Shigao, is said to have translated 31 books, and Zhi Loujiaqian 14. It should be noted, however, that the majority of these translations represented selections from larger Sanskrit works, and that with few exceptions, they consisted of little more than one or two chapters. ' Works translated by Zhi Loujiaqian were representative of the prajna (wisdom, gnosis) system.

Although essentially legal documents, many of the following texts were also couched in special religious varieties of language: boundarystone inscriptions, inter-state treaties, marriage contracts, law codes. The law codes and treaties, for example, usually ended with a series of curses and blessings on those who either flouted or obeyed the stipulations contained in them. The Babylonians in particular devoted a great deal of time and energy to determining the future from omens. To this end they produced highly technical lists of unusual phenomena of all kinds, and detailed descriptions of animal organs.

At one extreme, Strehlow (1971: 207) refers to the language of Aranda 'ceremonial songs' as a 'highly artificial creation' that was 'never... ' In some other areas untranslatable or 'nonsense' vocabularies are a minor feature of particular religious rites (as in northern Arnhem Land). More usually problems in translation are linked with the wide spread of songsequences. Ritual gatherings between neighboring groups helped to communicate a large range of religious as well as everyday items, although specific translations of song words often get lost in longdistance transmission.

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