Cultural Transmission and the Evolution of Human Behaviour by Kenny Smith, Michael L Kalish, Thomas L Griffiths, Stephan

By Kenny Smith, Michael L Kalish, Thomas L Griffiths, Stephan Lewandowsky

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A Progress of Sentiments: Reflections on Hume's Treatise

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1859/1968 The origin of species. London, UK: Penguin. Dunbar, R. 2003 The social brain. Ann. Rev. Anthropol. 32, 163–181. , Paciotti, B. & Baum, W. 2007 Learning, productivity, and noise: an experimental study of cultural transmission on the Bolivian Altiplano. Evol. Hum. Behav. 28, 11–17. evolhumbehav. , Richerson, P. , McElreath, R. & Lubell, M. 2008 Conformists and mavericks: the empirics of frequency-dependent cultural transmission. Evol. Hum. Behav. 29, 56–64. evolhumbehav. 003) Fenstermacher, S.

Reducing the process of cultural transmission to a Markov chain makes it easy to ask questions about the outcome of such a process. Provided the Markov chain satisfies a set of easily checked conditions, it will converge asymptotically to a stationary distribution (Norris 1997). In the case of the Markov chain on hypotheses identified above, this means that the probability that the nth learner entertains a particular hypothesis will converge to a fixed value as n becomes Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B (2008) large, regardless of the hypothesis entertained by the first learner.

1996 Explaining culture. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Sperber, D. 2000 Why memes won’t do. In Darwinizing culture (ed. R. Aunger), pp. 163–174. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Sperber, D. & Hirschfeld, L. 2004 The cognitive foundations of cultural stability and diversity. Trends Cogn. Sci. 8, 42–46. 002) Tomasello, M. 1999 The cultural origins of human cognition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Want, S. C. & Harris, P. L. 2002 How do children ape? Dev. Sci. 5, 1–13. 00194) Ward, T.

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