Cyril of Alexandria by Norman Russell

By Norman Russell

As a ruler of the church of Alexander and president of the 3rd Ecumenical Council of 431, Cyril used to be the most strong males of the 5th century. not just did he outline the concept that of christological orthodoxy for the subsequent centuries, yet he's additionally frequently considered as an unscrupulous cleric who used to be liable for the homicide of the feminine thinker Hypatia and for the overthrow of the archbishop Nestorius. Cyril of Alexandria provides key choices of Cyril's writings so as to make his notion obtainable to scholars. The writings are all freshly translated and a longer advent outlines Cyril's lifestyles and occasions, his scholastic process, his christology, his ecclesiology, his eucharistic doctrine, his spirituality, and his impact at the Christian culture.

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86 The Spirit is ‘from out of’ the Father. 87 It is the Father who is the fount and source of Godhead for both the Son and the Spirit: 28 THE EARLY WRITINGS Since the Son is from (ek) the Father, that is, from his essence, we conceive of him coming forth from him in an ineffable way and abiding in him. We also conceive of the Holy Spirit in the same way. For he is from him who is truly God by nature, but in no way separated from his essence. Rather, he issues from him and abides in him eternally, and is supplied to the saints through Christ.

What marks him off from his Alexandrian colleague is his much weaker political acumen, as evidenced further by his alienation of two very influential elements of Constantinopolitan society, namely, the monastic party and the Augusta Pulcheria. The presence of urban monasteries in Constantinople was something new to Nestorius, for they seem not to have been a feature of Syrian monasticism. The monks of the capital exercised an influential spiritual ministry amongst the laity and many were highly revered.

35 In the meantime pressure was building up in Constantinople for the convoking of an ecumenical council. 36 Nestorius, still confident of the emperor’s support, did in fact decide to call a council of his own, consisting of a representative selection of theologians— experts who could appreciate the subtlety of his arguments—from the dioceses under his control or friendly towards him. Once the idea of a council had been mooted, however, the momentum of events soon ensured that Nestorius’ conception of it would be superseded.

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