Encyclopedia of Prehistory: Volume 4: Europe by Elena Kuzmina (auth.), Peter N. Peregrine, Melvin Ember

By Elena Kuzmina (auth.), Peter N. Peregrine, Melvin Ember (eds.)

The Encyclopedia of Prehistory represents additionally outlined through a a bit of diversified set of an try and offer simple info sociocultural features than are eth­ on all archaeologically identified cultures, nological cultures. significant traditions are masking the total globe and the complete outlined in response to universal subsistence prehistory of humankind. it's designed as practices, sociopolitical association, and a device to aid in doing comparative fabric industries, yet language, ideology, study at the peoples of the earlier. so much and kinship ties play very little half in of the entries are written by way of the world's their definition simply because they're almost optimum specialists at the specific components unrecoverable from archaeological con­ and time classes. texts. by contrast, language, ideology, and The Encyclopedia is geared up accord­ kinship ties are vital to defining ethno­ ing to significant traditions. an important culture logical cultures. is outlined as a bunch of populations sharing There are 3 varieties of entries within the comparable subsistence practices, expertise, Encyclopedia: the key culture access, and varieties of sociopolitical association, the local subtradition access, and the that are spatially contiguous over a rela­ web site access. every one comprises kinds of tively huge sector and which undergo pace­ details, and every is meant to be rally for a comparatively lengthy interval. minimum utilized in a unique way.

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Some communities intensified agriculture and began building large multi houses blocks and became centers for metallurgy and trade. The part of the population that moved to central Asia had an irrigation system for agriculture and assimilated with native people. Alekseevka ceramics include vessels with narrow necks, round shoulders, and elongaged shapes. Vessels were sometimes decorated with sticked on roll of clay on the shoulder, sometimes with incised or stamped decorations. Imported ceramics are also found.

The large number of consisted of 30--50 or more people of three to four horses in some herds points to the transition from home- 3 4 Andronovo attached to a more nomadic type of cattle-breeding because horses and sheep are able to move looking for pastures and food under snow. Industrial Arts. Andronovian production was domestic. Evidence of ceramic production, stone, hide, and bone processing, and spinning and weaving for satisfying the necessities of every family is found in houses. The peculiarity of Andronovian production was developed metallurgy, from extraction and processing to smelting and producing goods.

Kul'tura drevnikh skotovodov i metallurgov Sary-Arki (Culture of ancient pastoralists and metallurgists of Sary-Arka). Alma Alta: Tasakh Academy of Science. Kiryushin, J. , G. E. Ivanov, and V. S. Udodov (1990). "Novye materially epokhi pozdnei bronzy step novo Altaia" (New material of the late bronze age in the Altai steppes). In Arkheologiia i etnografiia Juzhnoi Sibiri (Archeology and ethnography of southern Siberia). Barnaul: Altai University. , and E. E. Kuzmina (1980). "Shamshinskii klad epokhi pozdnei bronzy v Kirgizii" (Shamshinskii treasure of the late bronze age in Kyrgyzstan).

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