Encyclopedia of Prehistory: Volume 7: South America by David Browman (auth.), Peter N. Peregrine, Melvin Ember

By David Browman (auth.), Peter N. Peregrine, Melvin Ember (eds.)

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Sites that produced these sherds were then viewed as components of the Qeya tradition. Only recently has research reached the point where that archaeologists began doing site distributions of locations that produced Qeya ceramics, so that only a few very large ceremonial centers were identified in the immediate vicinity of the later Tiwanku capital, along with isolated high-status trade vessels at centers in the region involved with trade interchange with the south end of the Titicaca basin. Hence it became clear that although examples of high-status religious wares had been identified, the associated everyday ceramics were not clearly defined.

Nawimpukio is typical of one of the probably multiple political centers at this time. Originally archaeologists treated Nawimpukio as the single political entity in the region at this time, but subsequent surveys have suggested that there were probably other similar centers; we know Nawimpukio best simply because of the historical accident of its being located on the outskirts of Ayacucho, easily accessible to investigations by scholars from the university in that modern city. Nawimpukio is situated on a defensible hilltop, with its periphery packed with round and elliptical houses on habitation terraces.

Animals hunted included deer, guanaco, vicuna, a number of rodents, and birds. Settlements The early part of the Early Intermediate Period or Andean Regional Development tradition in this area was essentially a continuation of the previous Wichqana subtradition, with a shift in ceramic styles as the major distinguishing feature. Thus small hamlets characterized the early portion of this period. However, there appears to have been a rapid population growth occurring, with concomitant changes in settlement patterning, so that by the later half of the Early Intermediate Period or the Andean Regional Development tradition, larger settlements are not uncommon, with a shift to agglutination.

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