Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800-1914 [Two by Carl Cavanagh (EDT) Hodge Carl Cavanagh Hodge

By Carl Cavanagh (EDT) Hodge Carl Cavanagh Hodge

In 1800, Europeans ruled approximately one-third of the world's land floor; through the beginning of worldwide struggle I in 1914, Europeans had imposed a few type of political or monetary ascendancy on over eighty percentage of the globe. the fundamental constitution of world and ecu politics within the 20th century was once shaped within the earlier century out of the conflict of competing imperial pursuits and the consequences, either helpful and damaging, of the imperial powers at the societies they ruled. This encyclopedia deals present, distinctive details at the significant international powers and their worldwide empires, in addition to at the humans, occasions, principles, and routine, either eu and non-European, that formed the Age of Imperialism.

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In 1875, Arthur Lazenby Liberty opened a shop at 218A Regent Street in London, which became the home of Art Nouveau in England. Liberty imported silks from the East and later porcelain, ceramics, fans, screens, wallpapers, swords, mats, lacquer ware, lanterns, bronzes, and wall masks from Japan. 37 As appealing as commerce with Japan was, it was commerce with an emerging power the very existence of which signaled the beginning of a period of intensifying imperial competition. The sense of both opportunity and limitation among the European powers in particular prompted a competition that came to focus on the continent of Africa, because it was large, comparatively close, and, above all, defenseless.

29 Before and after the Civil War those terms were very advantageous. Not only did the American economy benefit from British investment, but the Pax Britannica and British financial system conditioned the international system in which that economy matured. ”30 Another emergent great power of the time, Germany, was a more problematic fit with British international supremacy. The Wars of German Unification, with Austria in 1866 and France in 1870–1871, brought forth under Prussian leadership a new and vigorous power at the center of Europe, the German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I.

Neither had any intention of conceding Bosnia without a fight. The assassination of the Habsburg heir, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, in the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo in June 1914 reflected the policy of a government in Belgrade, as well as the sentiment of the mad dogs of Serbian nationalism. The critical question centered on what nature of fight Serbia and Austria would hazard.

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