Endrin: Environmental Health Criteria Series No 130 by ILO, UNEP, G. T. Van WHO

By ILO, UNEP, G. T. Van WHO

Evaluates the hazards to human wellbeing and fitness and the surroundings posed via endrin, an organochlo-rine insecticide used because the Nineteen Fifties to guard cotton, rice, sugar cane, maize, and different vegetation opposed to a variety of agricultural pests. as a result of its excessive toxicity and endurance within the surroundings, endrin has been banned in lots of international locations and significantly limited in others. Ingestion of infected foodstuff is an important direction of human publicity.

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Thephotochemicalproductsareimponant asterminalresidues:deltaketoendrin was found on cotton plants and on cabbageand apple leaves after applicationof endrin (Plimrner,1971:Mukerjee, 1985). 3 Biotransformation The mechanisms by which endrin is removed from the environment include photodecomposition and bacterial degradation. , 1979). , 1979). Biodegradation is aided by fungi andbacteriasuch asTric hoderma, Pseudomonas,arrdBacillus. , 1970). About 150 isolates from various soil samples were screenedto investigatetherole of thesemicroorganismsin degradingendrin; 25 of the 150 isolates were active.

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