Endurance in Sport (The Encyclopedia of Sports Medicine, by Roy Shephard, Per-Olof Astrand

By Roy Shephard, Per-Olof Astrand

Persistence in game is a entire and authoritative paintings on all facets of this significant portion of activities technology. The ebook additionally embraces scientific and sport-specific problems with specific relevance to these drawn to patience functionality. The medical foundation and mechanisms of patience - physiological, mental, genetic and environmental - are all thought of intensive. size of patience is widely reviewed as is instruction and coaching for sporting activities requiring persistence.

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Extra resources for Endurance in Sport (The Encyclopedia of Sports Medicine, Vol. 2)

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10 of an atmosphere), but when underwater, the rise in ambient pressure necessarily causes this ceiling to decrease as the ambient pressure rises. The total flux of carbon dioxide is usually a little less than that for oxygen. 9, signifying that carbohydrate metabolism is providing most of the food the body requires. min-I. However, the body reserves of glycogen become exhausted if an event continues for longer than about ioomin. The main source of energy then becomes fat. 8 or lower, corresponding to a maximal carbon dioxide flux of 4 .

How important is the establishment of a threshold as a guide in coaching? Can data obtained in the laboratory be applied to field situations? When running is performed outdoors, physiological responses at a given speed are modified by track conditions, terrain and wind. If heart rate is taken as a guide to demands on the oxygen transport system, one must keep in mind that a hot environment and dehydration can dramatically increase the heart rate at a given oxygen intake (Chapter 40). After all, the experienced endurance athlete knows quite well the speed that can be tolerated without undue fatigue caused by proton and lactate accumulation.

Hedman, R. (1960)Myoglobin as an oxygen-storein man. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 48,454-460. A. et al. (1990) Histochemical and enzymatic characteristicsof skeletal muscle in master athletes. Journal of Applied Physiology 68,1896-1901. , Borsetto, C. & Casoni, I. (1985)Noninvasive determination of the anaerobic threshold in canoeing, cross-countryskiing, rolling and ice skating, rowing and walking. Europ ean Journal of Applied Physiology 53, 299-303. R. E. (1989)The relationship between an aerobic threshold and heart rate linearity during cycling ergometry.

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